What defines a Criminal Record in Maine?
A criminal record is an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembles updated local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county. The majority of Maine criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. They access the reports through a number of courts, police departments and the official Maine State Records Online Database. The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person. The resources are used to collect the information because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes. Criminal records in the state of Maine generally include the following subjects:
Maine Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person that questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. A person is held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. The law in the state of Maine authorizes arrests in the following situations, http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/17-A/title17-Asec15-A.html
, a person can be arrested once they commit a misdemeanor amounting to as minor of an act as a breach of the peace or they commit a felony where there are reasonable grounds to believe they committed the crime.
Maine Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. It authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Maine, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant, http://legislature.maine.gov/legis/statutes/15/title15sec3201.html
; in most cases it is when the person committed or commits a murder, any class A, class B or class C crime, assault, criminal threatening, terrorizing or stalking, if the officer reasonably believes that the person may cause injury to others unless immediately arrested.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. In Maine, misdemeanors are punishable by up to one year in county jail, http://www.maine.gov/ag/crime/criminal_justice_system.shtml
. Under Maine’s laws, all crimes other than murder are classified as Class A, B, or C crimes (felonies) or Class D or E crimes (misdemeanors). Under Maine’s laws, a Class D crime is punishable by up to one year in county jail and a fine of up to $2,000. Class E crimes are punishable by up to six months in county jail and a fine of up to $1,000
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year. It is to be served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. In Maine, felonies are crimes punishable by state prison terms, http://felonyguide.com/Maine-Felony.php
. Under Maine’s laws, all crimes (except for murder) are classified as Class A, B, or C crimes (felonies). Murder in Maine is punishable by 25 years to life imprisonment. Class A crimes are punishable by up to 30 years in prison and a fine of up to $50,000. Under Maine’s laws, a Class B crime can result in a prison term of up to 10 years and a fine of up to $20,000. A Class C crime is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to $5,000.
Maine Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law, http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/34-A/title34-Ach15sec0.html
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
Maine Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. In Maine, traffic ticket fines depend on the severity of your offense. The ME Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) will add points to your driving record after receiving a traffic conviction. If the offender accumulates 6 points, he/she will receive a warning letter. When there are 12 points or more, the Maine BMV will suspend the offender’s driver's license.
Maine Conviction Records
A conviction record is a document providing information that a person is found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest to criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes a person judged delinquent, and less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Maine Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone deprived of their civil liberties and is on trial for a crime or is serving. This maintains an inmate database that is often searchable online a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. Most states have a Department of Corrections, http://www.maine.gov/corrections/
. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected a release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Maine Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall need as a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems right to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Maine are served.
Maine Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Maine to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/17-A/title17-Asec1204.html
. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive – an intensive is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Maine Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead are found “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often mistakenly erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unleas the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Maine History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the record keeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Maine criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s. Criminal and arrest data started to centralize and compile into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by human error in the past. In the 1990s the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to the computer, so the information provides on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Maine Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the common term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry that makes information on registered sex offenders available to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of seven-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's neighborhood. Soon after the passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented the need that all states set up sex offender registries and offer the public with information about the registered offenders. In Maine, a person sentenced in this state on or after January 1, 1982, for a sex offense or a sexually violent offense as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult must register http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/34-A/title34-Ach15sec0.html
. The registration policy is obligatory also to a person who commits criminal conduct and is sentenced in this State on or after January 1, 2013, as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult for that criminal conduct and that criminal conduct is a Tier I offense, Tier II offense or Tier III offense.